High Intensity Interval Training for the Treadmill
One of today’s hottest fitness trends, high intensity interval training, alternates between intense bursts of activity and periods of rest or low/moderate exercise. This combination of anaerobic and aerobic exercise offers several advantages over traditional training techniques. Specifically, it increases the calories your clients will burn, while helping to also retain muscle mass. In addition, HIIT can be done almost anywhere inside the facility, with most types of equipment.
High Intensity Interval Training – Fast Facts
- A study published in the Journal of Physiology in 2006 discovered that after 8 only weeks of high intensity interval training, subjects could bike twice as long as they could before the study, while maintaining the same pace. High intensity interval training increased caloric burn and slows the aging process because it stimulates production of human growth hormone (HGH) by up to 450% for up to 24 hours after completing a workout.
- The Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports reported that high intensity interval training can improve athletic performance in adults by 2% – 4% in less than one month.
- A research study published in the International Journal of Sport Physiology and Performance analyzed 10 well-trained male and female rowers. The athletes who followed a high intensity training program for 4 weeks improved their 2000-meter race time by 8.2 seconds. Those in the control followed a traditional training program and only improved performance by 2.3 seconds.
For these reasons, Maitino uses high intensity interval training when training for competitions. However, she cautions, “High intensity interval training is demanding and not for everyone.” Evaluate your client’s basic fitness levels before starting him or her on a HIIT-oriented workout circuit. If you’re looking for inspiration for clients new to HIIT, try the workout below that Amanda uses to hone her body when preparing for National Physique Committee (NCP) contests.
Amanda’s HIIT Workout for the Treadmill
Note: Always have clients warm up and cool down for 5 minutes before and after each high interval training session.
- Walk for 3 minutes at a speed of 3.5 on an incline of 12.
- Jog for 5 minutes at a speed of 6.0.
- Carefully get off the treadmill and do 20 squat jumps.
- Next, do 20 jumping lunges.
- Carefully get back on the treadmill and alternate 30 seconds of sprinting with 30 seconds of rest (need incline and speed here). Repeat 5 times.
- Repeat the entire process 2 or 3 times.
Amanda Marie Maitino is a nationally qualified NPC bikini competitor, fitness model, wife, and mother of one from Cleveland, Ohio. In addition to competitive training, Amanda teaches boot camps and regularly coaches others to help them achieve their fitness goals.